The post-World War II housing boom, African-American rural to urban migration, the advent of air conditioning, and the results of New Deal experiments with city planning led to both rapid growth in the Southeastern U.S. and growing confidence in the ability of city planning to contribute to the design and construction of better urban places.
The early years of planning instruction at Tech, beginning in 1952, were characterized by frequent practitioner and policy-maker lectures, a Program advisory committee that included noted developers and civic leaders, and regular studio projects in which students engaged the issues of the region. The Georgia Power Company was a backer of early projects, motivated by its concern for rural growth in its service area.
Early graduates often became planning directors of small- and medium-sized cities in Georgia and neighboring states, while others joined consultantcies or staffs at state planning boards across the South or with national planning organizations such as the American Society of Planning Officials.
The first woman graduate, Thera Richter (MCP ’59), was the first woman to earn any graduate degree at Georgia Tech. Tech faculty were responsible for drafting Georgia’s General Planning and Zoning Enabling Act, writing A Planning Manual for Community Development (Georgia’s basic community planning manual) and organized an annual Summer Institute in City Planning that offered continuing education to planners throughout the South. Pushed by Atlanta’s civic leadership to address these issues, Georgia Tech set about to create a Graduate City Planning Program in 1950, bringing Howard Menhinick to Atlanta from the Tennessee Valley Authority to become Regents Professor and the first Program Director. Menhinick had been editor of Planners Journal and Director of the United Nations Headquarters planning staff as well as Director of Regional Studies for TVA. He welcomed the charter incoming class of ten students in 1952 with support from the Rockefeller Foundation. Menhinick and his early colleagues, including Malcolm Little who joined the faculty in 1953, sought to pioneer an integrative planning curriculum drawing on the design professions, social sciences and law aimed at educating generalist planners who would work in land use and regional resource development.
1960's and 1970's
In the 1960s the generalist planner model gave way to introduction of specializations and supplementation with dual degree studies. A joint degree in the field of transportation planning was developed in 1962 with the School of Civil Engineering and another in urban design in 1968 with the Architecture Program. Improving analytical capabilities were a focus of the late 60s and 1970s, led by Anthony Catanese’s teaching. Research clients in the heady planning days of the 1970s included Atlanta’s new MARTA rapid transit system, U.S. Department of Transportation, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, General Dynamics Corporation, and a long list of Georgia state agencies and local governments. Arthur Campbell (MCP ’70) was the first African-American graduate. In the 1960s and 1970s, Tech city planning graduates were widely sought after in municipal and regional planning agencies across the South. The era was capped by a Malcolm G. Little Roast and Testimonial Dinner held in mid-town Atlanta’s Biltmore Hotel in May 1978.
By the early 1980s, the core curriculum focused on theory, history, scientific methods and law and students were asked to concentrate in either development or redevelopment. Reagan-Thatcher era government retrenchment combined with spiraling interest rates challenged enrollments and contract funding with the result that when David Sawicki arrived as Program Director in 1983, his mandate was to reshape the Program toward increased scholarship and expanded extramural funding. Sawicki brought a microcomputer with him, the first in the Program, and soon had micros on every faculty desk and available to students. The core was reorganized emphasizing regional theory and methods and the specialization list expanded to include transportation, urban development and redevelopment, land use and environment, economic development, and urban design. A concentration in city planning was started as part of the new College of Architecture (now College of Design) PhD program. The Journal of the American Planning Association’s Planners Notebook section editorship moved to Tech. Many faculty departures and arrivals occurred in these transitional years with the result that by 1988 all ten full-time faculty held doctoral degrees.
The 1990s program retained the original concept of providing a broad, comprehensive planning education providing the technical skills necessary to accomplish a wide range of tasks. Steven French arrived as the Program’s fifth director and city planner Tom Galloway began as the College of Architecture’s (now College of Design's) third dean. The roster of specializations grew to include community and land development, economic development, environmental planning, geographic information systems, land use, transportation and urban design. New dual degree programs were begun with environmental management, law, public policy, and water resources. The law dual degree partnered with Georgia State University as did new graduate certificate programs in historic preservation and real estate development. An undergraduate land development certificate was created to promote interest in the planning profession and to build understanding of planning among future architects, engineers and others. Tech faculty became leaders in developing applications of the new geographic information systems technology in the planning profession, leading to creation of a Center for GIS with a dual mission of state service and technology innovation. Student recruitment broadened both geographically and demographically. Tech formalized a Co-op Work-Study Program through which many planning students gained real-world experience applying classroom learning as well as earning financial aid. Tech’s graduates were included on planning faculties including the universities of California, Florida, Pennsylvania, Florida State and Virginia Tech, By the end of the decade, the Program was widely recognized as a significant national generator of new ideas for planning practice and scholarship while continuing its prominence as a regional catalyst for maturation in the planning profession.
In the 2000s, under leadership of Director Cheryl Contant, the Program re-conceptualized its work as promoting sustainable cities and regional planning and development. The Program and master’s degree names were changed to City and Regional Planning. With endowment funds created to honor retiring Atlanta Regional Commission chief planner Harry West, a Center for Quality Growth and Regional Development and a named professorship were created. Catherine Ross, returning from work as Executive Director of the Georgia Regional Transportation Authority, was named Director of the Center and the first Harry West Professor. In 2003, 300 alumni and friends returned to Tech to celebrate the Program’s 50th anniversary. A Healthy Places Research Group was formed involving faculty and practitioners from City and Regional Planning, other Tech units, Emory University’s Public Health School, and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control. In 2005, David Sawicki was named editor of the Journal of the American Planning Association. In 2007, Planetizen, a commercial website/publisher focused on urban planning, released the results of its first reputational survey of planning programs, naming Georgia Tech 10th nationally among U.S. planning schools. The 2009 strategic plan highlighted sustainability, broader internationalization of curriculum, urban design, master’s core instruction, PhD program growth, and facilities as areas of focus in upcoming years.
In 2010, Georgia Tech established the School of City and Regional Planning combining the City and Regional Planning Program together with doctoral instruction in the field, with a City and Regional Planning PhD program approved by the University System of Georgia Board of Regents. Students previously enrolled in the City and Regional Planning PhD program were transferred to the new degree program.
In 2011, Planetizen ranked Georgia Tech 8th in the nation among U.S. planning schools, and the editorship of the JPER moved to Tech under Subrajit Guhathakurta and Nancey Green Leigh. In 2012, the U.S. Department of Transportation designated a National Center for Transportation System Productivity and Management at Georgia Tech. New degree programs in Geographic Information Science Technology and Urban Design enrolled their first students. In 2014, Tech was ranked 5th in the U.S. by Planetizen.
A TIMELINE OF PLANNING AT TECH
Program Inception: Harold Bush-Brown (Director of the College of Architecture, now College of Design), together with John Gaus (Director of City Planning, Harvard University), Frederick J. Adams (Director of City Planning, M.I.T.), and Howard Menhinick (Director of Regional Studies, Tennessee Valley Authority) meet to recommend the establishment of a city planning program at Georgia Tech
Georgia Tech receives $251,000 grant from the Rockefeller Foundation to start the City Planning Program; Howard Menhenick is hired as the first Graduate City Planning Program Director.
The City Planning Program welcomes its first class in the Fall of 1952 -- 10 students
The Student Planning Society is founded
W.R. Gable becomes first PhD recipient on the city planning faculty
Thera H. Richter becomes first female MCP graduate
Joint degree established in Transportation Planning (with Civil Engineering)
Georgia Tech receives $100,000 grant from the Richard King Mellon Charitable Trust and $120,000 in the following year for program funding
Malcolm Little (MCP MIT ’47) becomes second Program Director
Joint degree established in Urban Design (with Architecture program)
Howard Menhinick retires and is awarded the American Institute of Planners’ Distinguished Service Award
MCP Program recognized by National Education Committee of the American Institute of Planners
City Planning moves to the Old Civil Engineering Building
Arthur Campbell becomes first African-American MCP graduate
Frederick K. Bell Memorial Scholarship instituted
Catherine Ross (PhD, Cornell) becomes Program’s first African-American faculty member
Leon S. Eplan (Atlanta Planning and Budgeting Commissioner, and former President of the American Institute of Planners) becomes third Program Director
City Planning moves back to the “Old” Architecture-East Building
Doctoral degree option in City Planning added
David Sawicki (Chair at University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee) becomes fourth Program Director
Host of 27th Annual Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning (ACSP) conference in Atlanta
Program offers five specializations: Transportation, Urban Development and Redevelopment, Land Use and Environment, Economic Development, and Urban Design
First accredited by the newly formed Planning Accreditation Board
Shi Hak Noh becomes first Ph.D. graduate
Stan Fitterman’s (MCP ’88) thesis, Mortgage redlining in metropolitan Atlanta, receives the Edward McClure award for best master’s student paper from the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning.
GRA Co-Op Program established. First sponsoring organizations were: Central Atlanta Progress, Georgia Power, City of Powder Springs, Atlanta Chamber of Commerce
City planner Thomas D. Galloway (Dean of the College of Environmental Design, Iowa State University) becomes the third Dean of the College of Architecture (now College of Design); Steven P. French (Professor at California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo) becomes fifth Program Director
Program redefines its specializations to include seven specific areas: Economic Development, Environmental Planning, Geographic Information Systems, Land Development, Land Use, Transportation, and Urban Design
Rachel Matthews Prioleau earns MCP, joining Eleanor Quinn Matthews (MCP’78) in the first mother/daughter pair to earn planning masters degrees at Tech.
Program moves to new offices in Architecture-East building
Thera H. Richter Award initiated, honoring first woman MCP graduate (also first woman to graduate with a masters or doctorate degree from Tech).
The Hahira Town Plan MCP studio project receives an American Planning Association National Student Project Award.
Center for Geographic Information Systems founded; Steven French becomes first Center Director. Center offices and labs are located in Architecture Annex.
Joint degrees established in Water Resources in Environmental Management (both with the School of Civil and Environmental Engineering)
Tom Galloway and Tech host the inaugural Administrators Conference of the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning
Sandy Glatting Salsbury earns MCP joining Jack F. Glatting Sr (MCP ’65) in the first father/daughter pair to earn planning masters degrees at Tech.
Cheryl K. Contant (Program Director at University of Iowa) becomes sixth Program Director; Glatting-Jackson Fellowship instituted; Carol Barrett (MCP ’75) and Lester Solin (MCP ’70) are inducted in the inaugural class of the College of Fellows of the American Institute of Certified Planners.
Host of 42nd Annual Conference of the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning in Atlanta
The City Planning program becomes The City and Regional Planning program. The Master of City Planning (MCP) degree becomes the Master of City and Regional Planning (MCRP) degree.
Catherine Ross becomes Harry West Professor and Director of the newly founded Center for Quality Growth and Regional Development located in the new Technology Square development.
David Sawicki, FAICP, becomes Editor of the Journal of the American Planning Association
Thomas D. Galloway dies tragically while serving as dean
Bruce Stiftel , FAICP (Associate Dean at Florida State University) becomes seventh Program Director
Galloway family endows Thomas D. Galloway Fellowships
City & Regional Planning Program becomes the School of City & Regional Planning; Bruce Stiftel becomes founding School Chair
City and Regional Planning PhD degree program approved by the University System of Georgia Board of Regents
Georgia Tech hosts the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning annual PhD Workshop. Steve French is workshop chair
Troels Adrian’s (MCRP ’10) paper, Funding Supportive Housing in Georgia, receives the Edward McClure award for best master’s student paper from the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning.
Georgia Tech is co-organizer (with Sun Yat Sen University) of the 9th International Conference of the Urban Planning and Environments Association held in Guanzhou, China. Nancey Green Leigh and Perry Yang are co-chairs
Georgia Tech Master of Science in Urban Design program approved by Georgia Board of Regents with joint administration by the School of Architecture and the School of City and Regional Planning
Georgia Tech’s MCRP program ranked 8th in the nation by Planetizen
Subhrajit Guhathakurta (Associate Director of the School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning at Arizona State University) becomes the second Director of the Center for Geographic Information Systems
Ning Ai is the first graduate of the School of City & Regional Planning Ph.D. program.
Professors Subhrajit Guhathakurta and Nancey Green Leigh become editors of the Journal of Planning Education and Research published by Sage Publications in conjunction with the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning.
The U.S. Department of Transportation names Georgia Tech home to one of ten national university transportation centers. Harry West Professor Catherine Ross is named as Co-Director of this National Center for Transportation Productivity and Management.
The Action Plan for the Fort Macpherson Community MCRP studio project receives an American Planning Association National Student Project Award.
Steve French is appointed Dean of the College of Architecture (now College of Design).
Master of Science in Geographic Information Science and Technology (MS-GIST) degree program approved by the University System of Georgia Board of Regents. The first 5 students enroll in the fall.
Thomas Hamed (MCRP Class of '15) is elected to the APA Student Representatives Council, Executive Committee.
Jesse Zaro-Moore's (MCRP Class of '14) paper, Notes from the Field on NSP1,NSP2, and NSP3: Policy Alternatives for Mitigating the Effects of Foreclosed and Abandoned Properties on Neighborhoods, receives the Edward McClure award for best master's student paper from the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning.
The School is ranked 5th best planning school in the nation by Planetizen.
Georgia Tech team comprised of School of Architecture and School of City and Regional Planning Students reaches the finals in the Urban Land Institute Gerald D. Hines Urban Design Competition.
Taylor Tyger (MCRP Class of '14) and Thomas Douthat awarded Fulbright Scholarships
The Fall 2012 Sea Level Rise Studio wins the National APA Student Project Award
Shelley Price (MCRP Class of '16) is elected to APA Student Representatives Council, Executive Committee.
Bruce Stiftel receives the Martin Meyerson Award for Distinguished Leadership in higher Education from the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning.
Georgia Tech team of MCRP, MS-UD, and MS-Computer Science students reaches the finals in the Urban Land Institute Gerald D. Hines Urban Design Competition.
The Georgia Tech College of Architecture becomes the Georgia Tech College of Design